Inocência e perdão (HQN) (Portuguese Edition)
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Acho que preferi optar pelo esconder diante do desafio.
Por que paredes? Isso pode ir crescendo e ficar maior do que o que podemos calcular. Ah, tipo assim Deixaram a frase do homem intocada por anos e eu venho aqui e altero ela Estou cansado. Lembro de uma briga Conheci outras pessoas assim. Nem lembro porque eu estava dizendo tudo isso. Fica comigo? Te amo, te amo muito Esses dias encontrei uma pessoas especial: amizade ainda vai salvar a minha vida Quanto tempo uma tempestade pode durar?
Uma tempestade pode durar.. Depois da tempestade ficamos mais fortes? Somos o que somos ou somos o que queremos ser?
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Se somos o que queremos ser, o que determina o nosso "querer" ser assim? Acho que eu gosto de pintar a mim mesmo de tons mais bonitos do que os reais. Strictly speaking, such mixture of categories of prisoners is discouraged under domestic law and international law, in order to protect detainees from more serious offenders. Secondly, the System exercises a disciplinary power in the shadows of the CR, constituting the ultimate sanction for prisoners who fail to comply with the CR regime and are returned to O Sistema.
The former is based within the CRs and is grounded on moral constraints created by family and pseudo-family relationships. The latter is located outside the CRs, and is represented by O Sistema whose coercive force is both symbolic and real. Within O Sistema violence by guards beatings, collective punishment, torture is routinized and banal.
The attitude of offenders in the mainstream prison system with respect to the CRs is ambivalent. When prisoners who are transferred back to O Sistema from the CRs after having committed some serious infraction, such as smuggling in drugs or attempting to escape, the reaction of their peers has been savage: some have been badly beaten, allegedly even killed. Therefore, few career criminals in the System have made cynical attempts to get transferred into a CR either to enjoy the better conditions or to make an escape attempt.
This is partly because they have no wish to abandon the prison subculture that constantly reinforces their master status and affords them more opportunities for criminal activity, and partly because if their deceit were discovered they understand the terrible price they would have to pay. Privatization by another name? To what extent can the success of the CRs be attributed to the involvement of civil society, through the participating NGO? Could similar results be achieved in state-run or privately run penal facilities? And do the CRs not just constitute a form of semi-privatization?
The major structural advantage of the private sector over the public sector in prison administration is that it is free from certain constraints in the management of resources. Employees contracted directly by the state authorities enjoy certain protections under Brazilian labour law, such as employment security [estabilidade] which makes them very hard to sack, even when they are clearly failing to fulfil their contracts. Whereas in many state-run prisons contracted staff, such as doctors, are often paid for services that they never provide, the CR NGOs have been able to replace staff who fail to work their hours.
Thus the NGOs are able to buy the cheapest and best quality goods food, furniture and other supplies from local suppliers thus contributing to the local economy and to switch suppliers when necessary. Advocates for private sector involvement argue that the costs will drop through economies of scale as more prisons come under private sector co-administration. However, the CR NGOs have driven down costs precisely because of their very localised level of operations and flexibility in purchasing. More importantly, the NGOs are non-profit making, and have moral leverage in obtaining free resources, such as donations of food or material.
The NGOs also respond to a completely different set of incentives. Whereas the private sector is presumed to be more efficient in pursuit of profit Cabral and Azevedo, , the NGOs take pride in their careful guardianship of resources, reinvesting any surplus in improved services to prisoners In fact, some CR NGOs have taken on purchasing for large penitentiaries in their vicinity.
In this, in theory, they have no real advantage over any other private company doing the same. The difference, however, is that NGOs are already embedded within the prison system due to their formal partnerships with the state, and subject to strict systems of accountability. Moreover, the relationship of the CR with the state prison authorities goes far beyond issues of cost-cutting and efficiency. Their links into the civil society networks of the local community forms a two way bridge that encourages prisoners and local population to see the walls of the CRs as less impenetrable than normal prisons.
Again, the types of private consortia involved in prison privatization will lack such linkages. Conventional criminal justice systems are state-centric. The State determines, through legislation, what is to be considered a crime, and those who break the rules are deemed to have wronged the State.
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Radical penologists have pointed out that this completely erases the actual victims of crime, whether these are individuals or whole communities living in fear and insecurity. However, whilst this is very positive from a social reintegration point of view, it brings the NGO into conflict with the State, which legally retains responsibility for the custody of the offender Christie, Moreover, the different branches of the State are also competing for disciplinary power over the prisoner.
The executive branch is responsible for the arrest of offenders through the police and for their incarceration through the management of prisoners and non-custodial sentences. However, it is the judiciary that prosecutes offenders, in most cases passes sentences, and then oversees the serving of that sentence. This had now been replaced by a similar assessment carried out by prison and NGO staff in the CR, who then send their recommendation to the judge.
This leads to a problem. However, it seems that the judge, NGO technical staff and prison administration generally the Director and the Head of Discipline all believe that their judgement is the one that should prevail, and leads to frequent differences of opinion. This arise because the judge continues to hold legal responsibility for the prisoner, the state prison authorities have security concerns with regard to offenders, whilst the NGOs believe they have been handed the moral responsibility for offenders under the terms of the contract with the authorities.
Criminal justice system operators Criminal justice system operators seem to divide into two groups in relation to the CRs. Some local judges are very enthusiastic and have been instrumental into bringing the community into the local jails, firstly through the APAC groups and then through the establishment of a CR. Others, however, are indifferent or even hostile.
Each new CR has a purpose-built room where judges can come and conduct pre-trial hearings or deal with business related to sentencing approving sentence remission, exeats, parole, regime progression. This was intended to cut out the need for police escorts to take prisoners to court, freeing police for other duties, and allowing judges to be more efficient. However, in a number of cases the judges have refused to set foot in the CR, preferring to stay in their own territory, maintaining their social distance from the reeducandos.
Similarly, many local judges and prosecutors fail to carry out the monthly visits they are expected to carry out in penal facilities under their jurisdiction and are entirely ignorant of the work of the CRs. It may also be a characteristic of the post of Juiz da VEP, which some judges appear to view as an undemanding sinecure. They waste no opportunity to give inmates a reminder of their proper status, with accounts of beatings in the police vans on the way to court for hearings.
Police officers are the most anxious to maintain the stigmatization of offenders on which, in large part, their own professional identities depend.
Inocência e perdão
The CR Directors allege that they need to resocialize not only the prisoners but also the guards, who take about a year to adjust themselves to the CR culture. They are challenged especially by the much reduced social distance between guards and prisoners, and by an understanding of security that relies on human interaction rather than physical barriers and threat of force. Some never adapt and go back to working in the system. The rest - some of whom choose to work in the CRs, some of whom are simply transferred — generally accommodate themselves to a trade-off.
As noted above the division of labour achieves notable efficiency gains and access to community resources for rehabilitation. It also promotes mutual accountability. The CR NGOs in some ways combine their functions of prisoner advocacy, spiritual and welfare assistance, and oversight with the administrative functions taken on by the private sector in semi-privatized jails.
The first challenge the prison authorities face in this model is the variability in the density and character of civil society. The second is that the NGO members are not immune from more ignoble motivations, such as personal advantage and status enhancement. From a legal perspective, they implement the spirit of the LEP and are fully compliant with domestic and international human rights norms Coyle From an administrative point of view they are proven to offer high quality services to offender at very lost cost to the state.
From a recidivism perspective they are very promising, with re-offending levels said to be as low as 10 per cent, compared to per cent in the System. Published by Ateli? About this Item: Ateli? Condition: Used; Good. Fast Dispatch. Expedited UK Delivery Available. Excellent Customer Service. Portuguese language. Dust jacket torn. Seller Inventory BBI More information about this seller Contact this seller 2.
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Tapa Blanda. Romance sobre as incertezas da vida adolescente, daqueles que experimentam tudo pela primeira vez. More information about this seller Contact this seller 6. Published by Lisbon, Imprensa Nacional, From: Richard C. About this Item: Lisbon, Imprensa Nacional, Folio 30 x 21 cm. In very fine condition. We say "apparently" because the bibliography of the first series of this review is rather confusing and sketchy.
According to a knowledgeable employee of the Imprensa Nacional, we have all the issues ever published. We have never seen any other issues on the market or described in any reference work.
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